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    Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBDs) Reservation in Promotion | DOPT Memo on PwBDs (Person with Benchmark Disabilities)

    No. 36012/1/2020-Estt.(Res.-II)

    Government of India

    Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions

    Department of Personnel and Training

    North Block, New Delhi.

    Dated, the 17th May, 2022.


    Subject: - Reservation in promotion to Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBDs).

    The undersigned is directed to say that the matter regarding reservation in promotion for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBDs) had been under litigation before various courts of law for quite some time, and the Honble Supreme Court, in its order, dated 28.9.2021, delivered in the 'Application for Clarification' in the matter of 'Siddaraju vs. State of Karnataka', Civil Appeal No. 1567/2017, directed the Government to issue instructions on 'Reservation in Promotion', as provided in Section 34 of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

    1.2 Accordingly, the following instructions are issued for grant of reservation in promotion to PwBDs, in the posts and services of the Central Government, as defined under Section 2(r) of the said Act, notified by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD).


    2.1 In case of promotion, four per cent of the total number of vacancies in the cadre strength within Group 'C, from Group 'C' to Group 'B', within Group 'B' and from Group 'B' to the lowest rung of Group 'A' shall be reserved for PwBDs. Reservation in promotion shall be applicable in the cadres in which the element of direct recruitment, if any, does not exceed 75%.

    2.2 Against the posts identified for each disability, one per cent each shall be reserved for PwBDs under clauses (a), (b) and (c), respectively, and one per cent combined, under clauses (d) and (e) below, unless otherwise excluded under the provisions of Para 3 hereinunder; -

    a. blindness and low vision;

    b. deaf and hard of hearing;

    c. locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured,

    dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy;

    d. autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability

    and mental illness;

    e. multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness.

    2.3 The authenticity of any certificate, issued by the competent medical authority, may be got verified/re-verified by the appointing authority at the time of appointment.


    3.1 Proviso to Section 20(1) of the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, states that the appropriate Government may, having regard to the type of work carried on in any establishment, by notification and subject to such conditions, if any, exempt any establishment from the provisions of this Section.

    3.2 Accordingly, if any Ministry/Department in the Central Government considers it necessary to exempt any establishment or any cadre or cadres fully or partly from the provisions of reservation in promotion for PwBDs, it shall make a reference to the DEPwD, giving full justification for the proposal. The DEPwD, having regard to the type of work carried out in any Government establishment, by notification, and subject to such condition, if any, as may be specified in the notification, in consultation with the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities (CCPD), may exempt any Establishment or any cadre(s), fully or partly, from the provisions of reservation for PwBDs. While doing so. Notes 1 to 9 under the Notification No.38-16/2020-DD.II, dated the 4'^January, 2021, issued and ax modified from time to time by the DEPwD, may kindly be kept in view.

    Download PwBDs DOP Memo in PDF

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